FAKTOR RISIKO TERJADINYA AKNE VULGARIS PADA SISWA - SISWI KELAS XII SMA HARAPAN 1 MEDAN

  • FITRI HAFIANTY UNIVERSITAS MUHAMMADIYAH SUMATERA UTARA
  • DIAN ERISYAWANTY BATUBARA UNIVERSITAS MUHAMMADIYAH SUMATERA UTARA
  • FEBRINA DEWI PRATIWI LINGGA UNIVERSITAS MUHAMMADIYAH SUMATERA UTARA
Keywords: Acne Vulgaris,Students, Risk Factor

Abstract

Acne vulgaris is a chronic inflammatory disease of the pilosebaceous follicles which generally occurs in adolescence and can
heal itself. This study aims to determine the risk factor expect acne vulgaris through several characteristics in class XII
studens. The research method is a descriptive cross sectional study with a sample collection technique is consecutive
sampling. The sample in this study is class XII students in high school of Harapan 1 Medan. This study used questionnaires
and direct examination on the face and neck area to diagnose acne vulgaris in high school of Harapan 1 Medan. The results
of the study with the majority of patients with acne vulgaris have mild degree acne (63.5%), have families who suffer from
acne vulgaris (81%), the type of food consumed is bread with butter (17.5%), normal skin type ( 42.5%), irregularly cleaning
the face (78.8%), cleaning the face <2x daily (82.5%) using special facial washing soap (87.5%), not using any cosmetics
(37.5%), acne occurs before or during menstruation (70.6%), stress is quite severe (81%). From the results of this study, the
most influential risk factors for the appearance of acne vulgaris are family history (81%), stress factors (81%), irregular facial
cleaning (78.8%), cleaning of the face <2x a day (82.5%) and acne occurs before or during menstruation (70,6%).

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Published
2021-05-18