HUBUNGAN PERILAKU PENGGUNAAN MASKER DENGAN KEJADIAN MASK INDUCED ACNE PADA MAHASISWA FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN UNIVERSITAS MUHAMMADIYAH SUMATERA UTARA ANGKATAN 2018
Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a respiratory infection disease caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which was first discovered in Wuhan, China on December 31, 2019 and has spread throughout the world. Wearing a mask is the first step in preventing COVID-19. During a pandemic like this, people wear masks more often and for longer than before. It caused an incident of akne lokalisata in the area covered by the mask, which is popularly referred to as "mask induced acne". In addition to wearing masks for a long time, mask induced acne is also caused by poor mask wearing behavior. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between mask wearing behavior and the incidence of mask induced acne in students of the Faculty of Medicine, University of Muhammadiyah North Sumatra class of 2018. This study used an analytical description design with the Cross sectional method. The sample in this study was 57 people using a simple random sampling technique. Data collection was obtained from primary data by conducting anamnesis, physical examination and filling out questionnaires at students of the Faculty of Medicine, University of Muhammadiyah North Sumatra class of 2018. Furthermore, the data is analyzed using the Chi-square test. The results of the study were obtained from 26 respondents who behaved well, there were 11 respondents (42.35%) who suffered from mask induced acne and from 31 respondents who behaved adequately there were 25 respondents (80.6%) who suffered from mask induced acne. From the results of the Chi-square test, it was found that there was a significant relationship between mask wearing behavior and the incidence of mask induced acne (p = 0.003).
WHO. WHO Coronavirus (COVID-19) Dashboard Global Situation. WHO. 2021.
Kemenkes RI. Keputusan Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia omor HK.01.07/MENKES/382/2020 Tentang Protokol Kesehatan Bagi Masyarakat Di Tempat Dan Fasilitas Umum Dalam Rangka Pencegahan Dan Pengendalian Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19).; 2020.
WHO. Transmisi SARS-CoV-2: implikasi terhadap kewaspadaan pencegahan infeksi. 2020:1-10.
Wang J, Du G. COVID-19 may transmit through aerosol. Ir J Med Sci. 2020;189(4):1143-1144. doi:10.1007/s11845-020-02218-2
Abdi, Aulia G, Fahriati AR, Ratnaningtyas TO, Utami SM, Pratiwi RD. Edukasi Pencegahan COVID-19 Dengan Protokol Kesehatan 5M Dan Pentingnya Multivitamin Di Masa Pandemi COVID-19. 2021;2(1):133-140.
Hu K, Fan J, Li X, Gou X, Li X, Zhou X. The adverse skin reactions of health care workers using personal protective equipment for COVID-19. Medicine (Baltimore). 2020;99(24):e20603. doi:10.1097/MD.0000000000020603
World Health Organization W. Anjuran mengenai penggunaan masker dalam konteks COVID-19. World Heal Organ. 2020;(April):1-17. https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/searo/indonesia/covid19/anjuran-mengenai-penggunaan-masker-dalam-konteks-covid-19-june-20.pdf?sfvrsn=d1327a85_2.
Hidajat D. Maskne: Akne Akibat Masker. J Kedokteran,. 2020;9(2):202-205.
Melibary YT, Alkeraye S, Alnutaifi KA, Melibary NT, Alsuwaidi MK, Algzlan HI. Occasional acne; an acne variant. Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol. 2019;12:219-222
Menaldi SLS. Ilmu Penyakit Kulit Dan Kelamin.Edisi Ketujuh.Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia.; 2017.
Elisheva R. Adverse Effects of Prolonged Mask Use among Healthcare Professionals during COVID-19. J Infect Dis Epidemiol. 2020;6(3):6-10. doi:10.23937/2474-3658/1510130
Kosasih LP. Maskne:Mask-induced acne flare during corona virus disease-19. what is it and how to manage it? Open Access Maced J Med Sci. 2020;8(T1):411-415. doi:10.3889/oamjms.2020.5388
Han C, Shi J, Chen Y, Zhang Z. Increased flare of acne caused by long-time mask wearing during COVID-19 pandemic among general population. Dermatol Ther. 2020;33(4). doi:10.1111/dth.13704
Navarro-Triviño FJ, Ruiz-Villaverde R. Therapeutic approach to skin reactions caused by personal protective equipment (PPE) during COVID-19 pandemic: An experience from a tertiary hospital in Granada, Spain. Dermatol Ther. 2020;33(6). doi:10.1111/dth.13838
Al Badri FM. Surgical mask contact dermatitis and epidemiology of contact dermatitis in healthcare workers. Curr Allergy Clin Immunol. 2017;30(3):183-188.
Christopher PM, Roren RS, Tania C, Jayadi NN, Cucunawangsih C. Adverse Skin Reactions to Personal Protective Equipment Among Health-Care Workers During COVID-19 Pandemic: A Multicenter Cross-sectional Study in Indonesia. Int J Dermatology Venereol. 2020. doi:10.1097/jd9.0000000000000132
Aravamuthan R, Arumugam S., linico-epidemiological study of mask induced acne due to increased mask use among health care workers during COVID pandemic in a tertiary care institute. Int J Res Dermatology. 2020. doi:10.18203/issn.2455-4529.intjresdermatol20205594
Larebo YM, Abame DE. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices of face mask utilization and associated factors in COVID-19 pandemic among Wachemo University Students, Southern Ethiopia: A cross-sectional study. PLoS One. 2021. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0257609
Yaqoob S, Saleem A, Jarullah FA, Asif A, Essar MY, Emad S. Association of Acne with Face Mask in Healthcare Workers Amidst the COVID-19 Outbreak in Karachi, Pakistan. Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol. 2021. doi:10.2147/ccid.s333221
Techasatian L, Lebsing S, Uppala R, et al. The Effects of the Face Mask on the Skin Underneath: A Prospective Survey During the COVID-19 Pandemic. J Prim Care Community Heal. 2020. doi:10.1177/2150132720966167
Teresa A. Akne Vulgaris Dewasa : Etiologi, Patogenesis Dan Tatalaksana Terkini. J Kedokt. 2020;8(1):952-964.
Hayat W, Malik LM, Mukhtar R, Khan MQ, Saeed A, Rashid T. ‘ Maskne ’ ( Mask Induced Acne ) in Health Care Professionals of Tertiary Care Hospitals of Lahore During Covid-19 Pandemic. Pakistan Postgrad Med J. 2020;31(2):61-65.
Notoatmodjo S. Promosi Kesehatan & Ilmu Perilaku. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.; 2012.
Notoatmodjo S. Ilmu Perilaku Kesehatan. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.; 2015