JURNAL ILMIAH SIMANTEK https://simantek.sciencemakarioz.org/index.php/JIK <p><strong>Jurnal Ilmiah Simantek bertujuan untuk menyebarluaskan hasil penelitian dibidang ekonomi, manajemen, akuntansi, bisnis, teknik, komputer,kesehatan, pendidikan, sastra serta ilmu eksakta dan ilmu sosial lainnya kepada para akademisi, praktisi, mahasiswa, dan pihak yang berminat. Jurnal Ilmiah Kohesi menerima kiriman artikel yang ditulis dalam bahasa Indonesia maupun dalam bahasa Inggris. Penulis harus menyatakan bahwa artikel yang dikirim ke Jurnal Ilmiah Kohesi tidak dikirim atau dipublikasikan dalam jurnal yang lain. Penentuan artikel yang dimuat dalam Jurnal Ilmiah Simantek melalui proses review oleh redaksi Jurnal Ilmiah Kohesi, dengan mempertimbangkan antara lain: terpenuhinya persyaratan baku publikasi jurnal, metode riset yang digunakan, signifikansi, dan kontribusi hasil penelitian terhadap pengembangan profesi dan pendidikan</strong></p> en-US makariozpublisher@gmail.com (Dr.  Sumitro, SE, M.Si) febriyanti@sciencemakarioz.org (Febriyanti S, SE) Wed, 01 Sep 2021 16:57:47 +0000 OJS http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 TINGKAT PENGETAHUAN MASYARAKAT TENTANG AUTOPSI FORENSIK DI KECAMATAN SIHAPAS BARUMUN KABUPATEN PADANG LAWAS https://simantek.sciencemakarioz.org/index.php/JIK/article/view/274 <p>Cases of unnatural deaths in Indonesia are often unsolved. To reveal those cases forensic autopsy is required, however this<br>procedure is often being rejected by the public. To determine the level of public knowledge about forensic autopsy in Sihapas<br>Barumun Subdistrict, Padang Lawas Regency. This study is a descriptive study with a cross-sectional approach.<br>The number of samples are 97 people, the calculation was done using Slovin formula, with simple random sampling<br>technique. The data were acquired using questionnaires, and processed using SPSS. The overall level of public knowledge<br>about forensic autopsy in Sihapas Barumun sub-district, Padang lawas district, are: good 4 people (4.1%), moderate 1<br>person (1.8%), and poor 92 people ( 93.7%). Number of respondents with good knowledge on each categories are: male<br>gender is 3 people (5.88%), age 18-29 years 2 people (6.9%), and based on Bachelor education are 3 people (33.3%).<br>The level of public knowledge about forensic autopsy in Sihapas Barumun District, Padang Lawas Regency is poor.</p> RUDI ISKANDAR HASIBUAN, MISTAR RITONGA ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://simantek.sciencemakarioz.org/index.php/JIK/article/view/274 Wed, 01 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0000 GAMBARAN PENGETAHUAN TENTANG FAKTOR RISIKO DAN PENCEGAHAN KANKER SERVIKS PADA PASIEN WANITA YANG SUDAH MENIKAH DI PUSKESMAS LALANG https://simantek.sciencemakarioz.org/index.php/JIK/article/view/275 <p>Cervical cancer is a malignant tumor that affects the surface layer of the cervix, called squamous epithelial cells, which are<br>located between the uterus and the vagina. It has been proven that the main cause of cervical cancer is Human<br>papillomavirus (HPV), oncogenic subtypes, especially subtypes 16, 18, 31, 33, and 45. Mortality and morbidity of women<br>with cervical cancer is very high, this situation will have a negative impact on world health in the world. including in<br>Indonesia. It is important for women to know what factors can cause cervical cancer and have knowledge about cervical<br>cancer prevention because of the large incidence of cervical cancer in Indonesia, and there are still many women who do not<br>have less knowledge. The study design was descriptive with a sample of 45 people. The sampling technique used total<br>sampling. The data will be analyzed by quantity test using SPSS software. This study shows that the largest age range is in<br>the age group 36-45 years (late adults) as many as 19 people (42.2%), more respondents with primary school education are<br>17 people (37.8%), the respondent's occupation group Most were housewives (IRT) as many as 34 people (75.6%), more<br>had knowledge of good cervical cancer risk factors as many as 31 people (68.9%), more had adequate / moderate<br>knowledge of cervical cancer prevention 25 people (55.6%). There are more respondents who have good knowledge about<br>cervical cancer risk factors, while more respondents have sufficient / moderate knowledge about cervical cancer prevention.</p> PUTRI MAULIA AMAMI HARUN, ANDRI YUNAFRI ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://simantek.sciencemakarioz.org/index.php/JIK/article/view/275 Wed, 01 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0000 HUBUNGAN TINGKAT PENDIDIKAN DAN PENGETAHUAN IBU TERHADAP PEMAKAIAN ALAT KONTRASEPSI DI WILAYAH KELUARGA BINAAN KESEHATAN FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN UNIVERSITAS MUHAMMADIYAH SUMATERA UTARA ANGKATAN 2016 DI KECAMATAN MEDAN JOHOR SUMATERA UTARA TAHUN 2019 https://simantek.sciencemakarioz.org/index.php/JIK/article/view/276 <p>Contraception is an effort to prevent pregnancy, these efforts can be temporary, or can also be permanent. From year to<br>year the population in Indonesia is increasing. Contraceptive use is influenced by the level of education and level of<br>knowledge. To find out the relationship between the level of education and mother's knowledge on the use of contraceptives<br>in health fostered families, Faculty of Medicine, University of Muhammadiyah, North Sumatra Class 2016 in Medan Johor<br>District, North Sumatra, 2019. This research is descriptive analytic with cross sectional design and total sampling.<br>Forty-five mothers. 26 people (57.8%) did not use contraception and 19 people (42.2%) did not use contraception. From the<br>analysis data, P = 0,000 (P &lt;0.05) shows that there is a significant relationship between education level and mother's<br>knowledge of contraceptive use. Mother's level of education and knowledge can influence the use of contraceptives.</p> TOHRI TOHIR, HEPPY JELITA SARI ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://simantek.sciencemakarioz.org/index.php/JIK/article/view/276 Wed, 01 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0000 FAKTOR - FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI KEJADIAN ANEMIA PADA IBU HAMIL DI PUSKESMAS BANDAR KHALIPAH TEMBUNG https://simantek.sciencemakarioz.org/index.php/JIK/article/view/277 <p>The prevalence of Anemia in pregnant women in Indonesia reaches 63,5% and in Bandar Khalipah Tembung Community<br>Health Center increased from 19,3% (2018) to 24,9% (2019). Pregnant women with anemia will experience an increased risk<br>of morbidity and mortality. This study was to determine the factors that affects the incidence of anemia in pregnant women.<br>Analytical observational study with cross sectional design using secondary data from medical records from January to<br>December 2019. The subjects of this study were 44 pregnant women in their third trimester at the Bandar Khalipah Tembung<br>Community Health Center with total sampling. Data analysis used the chi-square test. The results showed that the most<br>pregnant women with multigravida were 15 people (55,6%), low education level were 17 people (77,3%) and low economic<br>status were 14 people (63,6%). Factors related to incidence of anemia in pregnant women are educational level (p-value<br>0,001) and economic status (p-value 0,005). Educational level and economic status are factors that affects the incidence of<br>anemia in pregnant women.</p> ALDA HALIMAH LISNA, HEPPY JELITA SARI BATUBARA ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://simantek.sciencemakarioz.org/index.php/JIK/article/view/277 Wed, 01 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0000 PREVALENSI PENYAKIT MATA PTERIGIUM PADA NELAYAN DI DESA BOGAK KABUPATEN BATUBARA PADA BULAN NOVEMBER - DESEMBER TAHUN 2020 https://simantek.sciencemakarioz.org/index.php/JIK/article/view/278 <p>Pterygium is a non-malignant fibrovascular growth, which is triangular in shape with a central apex or in the cornea.<br>The results of the Basic Health Research (RISKESDAS) in 2013, the prevalence of pterygium in Indonesia was 8.3% with<br>jobs as farmers/fishermen which had the highest prevalence of pterygium (15.8%). This research is a descriptive study with<br>aapproach cross sectional and a sampling method with a purposive sampling method. The number of respondents who<br>match the inclusion and exclusion criteria in this study amounted to 32 people. The measuring instrument in this study is<br>conducting direct interviews as primary data. Distribution and frequency based on length of time as fishermen 5-10 years<br>(3%), 10-20 years (16%),&gt;20 years (81%), length of fishing 5-8 hours (12%),&gt;8 hours (88% ), history of smoking (90.6%),<br>family history (59.4%), grade II pterygium (56.3%). Hoped that the distribution and frequency of this pterygium can help<br>prevent the occurrence of pterygium and blindness due to advanced degrees of pterygium.</p> ANIZWA ZAIRINA RAHMA, HEPPY JELITA SARI BATUBARA ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://simantek.sciencemakarioz.org/index.php/JIK/article/view/278 Wed, 01 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0000 EFEK SALEP CAMPURAN BIJI KELENGKENG (DIMOCARPUS LONGAN LOUR), MINYAK ZAITUN DAN LILIN LEBAH TERHADAP PENYEMBUHAN LUKA BAKAR PADA TIKUS PUTIH JANTAN GALUR WISTAR https://simantek.sciencemakarioz.org/index.php/JIK/article/view/279 <p>Burns is defined as type of injury to skin and cause the loss of barriers to fight infection. If not treated properly, burns can be<br>life-threatening. Longan seeds, olive oil and beeswax, which have potential to help the healing process of burns. To know the<br>effect of ointment mixture of longan seeds, olive oil and beeswax to healing burns in white male wistar rats. This research is<br>an experimental posttest-only control-group design with a total sampling of 15 rats, and divided into two groups; given<br>ointment (S) and without ointment (TS). Data will be analyzed by T-Independent and Mann-Whitney test. Average of the<br>reduction diameter (S=2.64%,TS=8.28%), percentage of healings (S=88.62%, TS=65.42%), and time of healing (S=16<br>days,TS=23 days). The analysis of the data obtained ρ=0.00. There are significant differences in the reduction in burns<br>diameter, percentage of burns healing and time of burns healing in two groups. Group S have a better healing effect on<br>burns than group TS.</p> LUKMAN HAKIM ROMA MORA SIREGAR, ILHAM HARIAJI ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://simantek.sciencemakarioz.org/index.php/JIK/article/view/279 Wed, 01 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0000 PENGARUH MEREK DAN LOKASI TERHADAP KEPUTUSAN KONSUMEN BELANJA DI PASAR SWALAYAN MAJU BERSAMA MMTC MEDAN https://simantek.sciencemakarioz.org/index.php/JIK/article/view/280 <p>This study was conducted to find out the Brand and Location of Consumer Decisions, this study uses quantitative methods<br>with associative approaches. In this study, the consumer population who shopped at self-service advanced with MMTC<br>Medan. How to take samples in this study using probability sampling techniques using the accindental sampling method as<br>many as 96 respondents. Data analysis techniques use validity tests, reliability tests, classical assumption tests, multiple<br>linear regression analysis, t tests, F tests and coefficients of determination (R2) using spss version 20 applications.<br>The result of the t variable t test of the Brand t calculated 5,509 &gt; t table of 1,986 means that the brand affects consumer<br>decisions and the location variable t calculates by 1,693 &lt; t the table of 1,986 means that location has very little influence on<br>consumer decisions. Test F brand variable and location F calculated by 27,992 &gt; F table 3.09 shows that brands and<br>locations together influence consumer decisions.</p> AJI PRABOWO, TOGU HARLEN LBN. RAJA, MUHAMMAD SYAFRIL ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://simantek.sciencemakarioz.org/index.php/JIK/article/view/280 Wed, 01 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0000 PENGARUH RETURN ON ASSETS (ROA), CASH FLOW, DAN LIKUIDITAS TERHADAP DIVIDEND PAYOUT RATIO PADA PERUSAHAAN SEKTOR INDUSTRI DASAR DAN KIMIA YANG TERCATAT PADA BEI (BURSA EFEK INDONESIA) PERIODE 2016 - 2020 https://simantek.sciencemakarioz.org/index.php/JIK/article/view/281 <p>The purpose of this study is to know effect return on assets, cash flow, and liquidity to dividend payout ratio at company<br>sector industry base and chemistry. This type of research is used descriptive quantitative research. Population in the<br>research is the company sector industry base and chemistry in Indonesian Stock Exchange in the period 2013-2014 and get<br>15 samples company the selected be base on criteria certain agree with purpose research. This method of research is used<br>multiply regression analysis. The result showed that return on asset and cash flow has no influence. And liquidity as<br>influence. And in a partial variable return on assets, cash flow andliquidity has influence significant to dividend payout ratio.<br>The third variable in a simulation influence variable dividend payout ratio amounted 33,9% and meanwhile amounted 66,1%<br>are influenced by other variable has no used in the research.</p> MARDIAH HASANAH NASUTION ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://simantek.sciencemakarioz.org/index.php/JIK/article/view/281 Wed, 01 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0000 PENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN SISWA MEMAHAMI POKOK BERITA DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN KOOPERATIF TIPE TALKING STICK DI KELAS X SMA NEGERI I RANTAU SELATAN TAHUN PEMBELAJARAN 2020 - 2021 https://simantek.sciencemakarioz.org/index.php/JIK/article/view/282 <p>The problem in this study is that the ability to understand student news is still low. To overcome this, a learning model is<br>needed that can improve students' ability to understand the subject, the learning model in question is the talking stick<br>learning model. The purpose of this study is to find out whether talking stick-type cooperative learning models can improve<br>the ability to understand the subject matter. This research is a PTK (Class Action Research) study by giving treatment to the<br>group conducted using the talking stick learning model. The population of this study was all 40 high school students, while<br>the sample of this study was as many as 40 students. The instruments used to capture the study data are observations and<br>tests. Based on the results of the research obtained, it was concluded that the application of talking stick learning models can<br>improve students' ability to understand the subject matter, this is seen based on test results. In the pre-cycle, students who<br>completed by 45%, when compared to the criteria of the level of completion of learning are at the criteria less once. Then in<br>cycle I increases to 70%, when compared to the completion criteria then it is on the criteria enough. In cycle II completion<br>increased back to 90%, when compared to the criteria of learning completion level is at very good criteria.</p> ANNIM HASIBUAN ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://simantek.sciencemakarioz.org/index.php/JIK/article/view/282 Wed, 01 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0000 RANCANG BANGUN APLIKASI PENGADUAN MASYARAKAT BERBASIS ANDROID https://simantek.sciencemakarioz.org/index.php/JIK/article/view/283 <p>This study aims to produce a public complaint application that can be used by the public in conveying their aspirations<br>regarding problems that occur in the midst of the community. This application is built on a smartphone system with the Android<br>operating system that can be used by the public in daily communication related to submitting complaints. In this research, the<br>method used is the Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC) method, which is a systematic development model, design, and<br>maintenance of software projects that ensure all user needs are met. This application is built using the Java programming<br>language. This application will display the types of complaints, the date of the complaint, the user who made the complaint and<br>the status of the complaint. Based on the results of interviews conducted with the public, it shows that this application will<br>really help the community in making complaints.</p> PARMONANGAN ROTUA TOGATOROP, NITA SIRAIT, EVI FANY SIDABUTAR, ROMMEL GULTOM ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://simantek.sciencemakarioz.org/index.php/JIK/article/view/283 Wed, 01 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0000 GAMBARAN PENGETAHUAN IBU HAMIL TENTANG PERSALINAN DI DALAM AIR ATAU WATER BIRTH DI PRAKTEK BIDAN HJ. HENDRAYATNI PERIODE APRIL - JUNI TAHUN 2013 https://simantek.sciencemakarioz.org/index.php/JIK/article/view/284 <p>The purpose of the study was to describe the knowledge of pregnant women about childbirth in water or water birth in the<br>Practice of Midwife Hj. Hendratni Period April–June 2013 based on age, education, occupation, parity and sources of<br>information. The research is descriptive with a cross sectional approach. The sample was taken by accidental sampling<br>technique, the research instrument used a questionnaire sheet with a sample of 30 people, data processing in the form of<br>editing, coding, scoring, tabulating. The results showed that based on knowledge the majority had less knowledge as many<br>as 16 respondents (53.4%), based on the age of the majority with less knowledge at the age of 20-35 years as many as 9<br>respondents (30%), based on education the majority had less knowledge in high school education as many as 13<br>respondents ( 43,4%), based on occupation the majority of respondents lack knowledge of work as IRT as many as 14<br>respondents (46.7%), based on parity the majority have less knowledge on multigravida parity as many as 8 respondents<br>(26.8%), based on information sources the majority have less knowledge than sources of non-health personnel information<br>as many as 10 respondents (33.4%). The conclusion is that the knowledge of pregnant women about childbirth in water or<br>water birth is lacking. Expected to pregnant women to seek more information about water birth and it is recommended to<br>health workers to always provide explanations and counseling and information to pregnant women about water birth.</p> MARDIANI PURBA ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://simantek.sciencemakarioz.org/index.php/JIK/article/view/284 Wed, 01 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0000 KORELASI LAMA MENDERITA DIABETES MELLITUS (DM) TIPE 2 DENGAN KEJADIAN NEUROPATI DM PADA PASIEN PROLANIS DI NGEMPLAK, SLEMAN https://simantek.sciencemakarioz.org/index.php/JIK/article/view/285 <p>Diabetic neuropathy is the most commont complication in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Research shows that 60-70<br>% of patients with type 2 DM have diabetic neuropathy and most cases are over 55 years. It stated that longer duration of<br>type 2 DM, the higher risk of developing diabetic neuropathy. Diabetic patients are members of PROLANIS, so this research<br>is carried out on PROLANIS patients. To determine the correlation of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) duration with diabetic<br>neuropathy incidence in PROLANIS patients in Ngemplak, Sleman. Observational analytic with cross sectional design. The<br>study required subjects with type 2 DM in PROLANIS in Ngemplak, Sleman. The study was conducted by measuring fasting<br>blood glucose levels (BSF),2hour postprandial blood glucose levels,HbA1c levels, DNS and DNE. Thirthy four subjects with<br>basic characteristics of men are more than women 55,9% and 44,1%. Both age groups are almost the same between &gt;65<br>years and 65 years respectively 52,9% and 47,1%. The results of the bivariate analysis between diabetic neuropathy and<br>the independent variables were significant in the duration with an OR value of 0,14 (CI 95% 0,02-0,99; p=0,020) and HbA1c<br>levels with an OR value of 0,25 (CI 95% 0,06-1,01; p=0,024). Multivariate analysis was significant on the type 2 DM duration<br>with an OR value of 0,08 (CI 95% 0,01-0,73; p=0,025). There is a correlation between type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM) duration<br>with diabetic neuropathy incidence in PROLANIS patients in Ngemplak, Sleman.</p> FERY LUVITA SARI, AGUS TAUFIQURRAHMAN ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://simantek.sciencemakarioz.org/index.php/JIK/article/view/285 Wed, 01 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0000 HUBUNGAN ANTARA FREKUENSI MENGGUNAKAN ALCOHOL-BASED HAND RUB TERHADAP GAMBARAN KLINIS DERMATITIS KONTAK PADA TENAGA KESEHATAN DI RUMAH SAKIT MURNI TEGUH https://simantek.sciencemakarioz.org/index.php/JIK/article/view/286 <p>Health workers in operating rooms and Intensive Care Units show high incidence of contact dermatitis, which was 18% to<br>57%. Contact dermatitis in health workers occurs because there are many irritants in hospitals, one of them was antiseptic<br>such as hand sanitizer or hand rub. This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between the frequency of alcohol-based<br>hand rub application and the clinical presentation of contact dermatitis in health workers during the COVID-19 pandemic.<br>This study was an observational study with a cross-sectional design. This study was performed among 111 health workers at<br>Murni Teguh Hospital Medan from November 2020-March 2021 who were selected by the purposive sampling method.<br>Meanwhile, the data analysis used to analyze the relationship between the frequency of Alcohol-Based Hand Rub application<br>and the clinical presentation of contact dermatitis was the Fisher Exact Test. The majority of health workers at Murni Teguh<br>Hospital Medan used alcohol-based hand rub more than 10 times/ day (97.3%). Meanwhile, the clinical presentation of<br>contact dermatitis found in health workers from the most to the least was dry skin as many as 103 people (92.8%), followed<br>by thickened skin as many as 92 people (82.9%), burning sensation in 90 people (81.1 %), redness and itching in 88 people<br>(79.3%), and pain in only 84 people (75.7%). After statistical analysis of the frequency of hand rub application and clinical<br>presentations of contact dermatitis, no significant relationship was found (P value &gt; 0.05). The frequency of alcohol-based<br>hand rub application did not affect the clinical presentation of contact dermatitis in health workers at Murni Teguh Hospital.</p> JOICE SONYA GANI PANJAITAN, SUHARTOMI . ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://simantek.sciencemakarioz.org/index.php/JIK/article/view/286 Wed, 01 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0000 GAMBARAN FOTO TORAKS PASIEN PENYAKIT PARU YANG MENGALAMI HEMOPTISIS PERIODE FEBRUARI - JUNI 2018 DI RSUD DR. PIRNGADI MEDAN https://simantek.sciencemakarioz.org/index.php/JIK/article/view/287 <p>Hemoptysis is a symptom of removal of blood from mouths that are filled with a feeling of wanting to cough hematemesis a<br>blood drain, black which is not and weal. To find out the picture of the chest X ray of patients with pulmonary disease who<br>experienced symptoms of hemotysis in February 2018 – june 2018 at Dr. Pirngadi Medan. The type to be used in this<br>research is descriptive research and cross sectional research design. study. Population is patient of polyclinic of lung at<br>RSUD Dr. Pirngadi Medan. The sample in this study is the medical record data from febuary 2018 – june 2018 in patients in<br>the pulmonary clinic RSUD Dr. Pirngadi Medan. The results of chest X-ray images in lung patients with most hemoptysis<br>symptoms were infiltrates of 40 (75.5), the most gender who experience symptoms of hemoptysis are men as many as 40<br>(75.5%), the highest age who experience symptoms of hemoptysis is 21-30 years as many as 22 (41.5%), the most lung<br>diagnosis of hemoptysis is 30 pulmonary tuberculosis (56.6%). There is a picture of chest X-ray infiltrates more common in<br>lung disease patients with hemoptysis symptoms.</p> RIZKY NURDIANTY, IKHFANA SYAFINA, DEDY DWI PUTRA, DES SURYANI ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://simantek.sciencemakarioz.org/index.php/JIK/article/view/287 Wed, 01 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0000 GAMBARAN KUALITAS HIDUP ANAK PALSI SEREBRAL DI STELLA GD CENTER MEDAN TAHUN 2021 https://simantek.sciencemakarioz.org/index.php/JIK/article/view/288 <p>Cerebral palsy is a chronic disability disease that often occurs in children, which has a very large impact and even affects the<br>quality of life of children. Quality of life is an individual's perception of his life in terms of the cultural context, behavior and<br>value system in which they live and is related to living standards, expectations, pleasures, and individual assessments of<br>their position in life. This study aimed to describe the quality of life of children with cerebral palsy at Stella Growth<br>Development Center Medan in 2021. This research is a descriptive study with a cross sectional design. Primary data were<br>obtained by questionnaires that had been previously validated from the results of interviews with respondents who met the<br>inclusion and exclusion criteria and secondary data from patient medical record data. Of the 13 respondents, most of them<br>were female, 10 people (76.9%) were 5 and 8 years old with a total of 3 each. people (23.1%), all of the respondents<br>experienced spastic cerebral palsy with the highest degree of gross motor function (GMFCS) experiencing grade 1,<br>amounting to 6 people (46.2%). Patients with spastic cerebral palsy experience an increase in muscle tone so that the<br>muscles experience stiffness and result in limited movement. The focus of the gross motor function classification is t o<br>emphasize the child's abilities rather than limitations. The majority of children with cerebral palsy at the Stella GD Center<br>Medan in 2021 have a good quality of life.</p> SISCA SILVANA, VINCENSIUS KURNIAWAN ZAI, ADE PRYTA SIMAREMARE ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://simantek.sciencemakarioz.org/index.php/JIK/article/view/288 Wed, 01 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0000 HUBUNGAN PENGETAHUAN DAN SIKAP IBU HAMIL TENTANG KEPATUHAN MENGKONSUMSI TABLET FE UNTUK MENCEGAH ANEMIA PADA KEHAMILAN DI KLINIK JULIANA MEDAN TAHUN 2020 https://simantek.sciencemakarioz.org/index.php/JIK/article/view/290 <p>According to the WHO, maternal mortality is very high. About 830 women die from pregnancy or childbirth complications<br>worldwide every day. It is estimated that in 2015, about 303,000 women died during and after pregnancy and childbirth.<br>Almost all of these deaths occur and most can be prevented, with the concern of health workers and the community itself.<br>This study aims to find out the Relationship of Knowledge and Attitudes of Pregnant Women About Adherence Taking Fe<br>tablets to prevent anemia in Pregnancy at Juliana Clinic in 2020. This study is descriptive analytical with a cross sectional<br>approach, where the entire population is sampled, namely pregnant women as many as 35 people. Analyze the data using<br>the chi-square statistical test. The results showed that of the 35 respondents the majority who had good knowledge as many<br>as 16 respondents (45.71%) had a positive attitude as many as 13 respondents (37.14%, while a minority of knowledgeable<br>respondents quite 7 respondents (20%) had a positive attitude 3 respondents (8.5%). From the statistical test using the chisquare<br>test obtained a value of p = 0.10. where p&lt;005 so that Ha is accepted and Ho is rejected which means there is a<br>significant relationship between knowledge and attitude of pregnant women about compliance with taking Fe tablets in<br>preventing anemia in pregnancy at Juliana Medan Clinic in 2020. It is recommended on the implementation of health<br>services to improve the quality of health services by providing counseling to pregnant women, especially about compliance<br>with taking Fe tablets.</p> KAMALIAH . ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://simantek.sciencemakarioz.org/index.php/JIK/article/view/290 Wed, 01 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0000 DAMPAK COVID-19 TERHADAP PEREKONOMIAN MASYARAKAT (STUDI KASUS PENDAPATAN USAHA KULINER DI TENGAH PANDEMI PADA KELURAHAN TANJUNG SARI KECAMATAN MEDAN SELAYANG KOTA MEDAN) https://simantek.sciencemakarioz.org/index.php/JIK/article/view/293 <p>This study examines the impact of the COVID-19 on the income of the culinary business in the Tanjung Sari sub-district,<br>Medan Selayang sub-district, Medan city. This study aims to determine the impact caused by the COVID-19 pandemic on<br>the economic situation in the community, especially in small and medium businesses, namely culinary businesses. The data<br>collection process was carried out by conducting interviews with several traders who sell culinary in Tanjung Sari village,<br>namely along Jalan Setia Budi around it, totaling 15 Culinary Business. This research approach uses a qualitative descriptive<br>method. The results of the study show that the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic is that the level of people's purchasing<br>power decreases due to decreased income so that the income of traders, especially culinary traders, is discussed in this<br>study.</p> ARISMAN PARHUSIP, AMRIL . ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://simantek.sciencemakarioz.org/index.php/JIK/article/view/293 Wed, 15 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0000 ANALISIS SUMBER DAN PENGGUNAAN MODAL KERJA TERHADAP TINGKAT LIKUIDITAS PT. KIRANA MEGANTARA TBK https://simantek.sciencemakarioz.org/index.php/JIK/article/view/294 <p>This research was conducted by the author to analyze the financial statements of PT. Kirana Megantara TBk. so that they<br>can know some things that are desired, namely (1) to see and find out where the sources of working capital owned by PT.<br>Kirana Megantara, (2) Where the use of working capital is used by the company (3) Whether the company's management<br>can maintain the stability of the company's liquidity level from year to year. Research using quantitative approach methods<br>with ex-post facto methods, the sample used in this study is financial statement data PT. Kirana Megantara for the last five<br>consecutive financial year periods were 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019 and 2020. The conclusions that can be obtained from this<br>study are (1) working capital sources obtained in 2017 amounting to Rp.2,694,725,781,000, - in 2018 Rp.51,166,187,000 in<br>2019 Rp.2,480,789,325,000 and in 2020 Rp.915,190,713,000,- (2) while the payment Working capital in 2017<br>Rp.981,436,636,000 in 2018 Rp.1,769,270,614,000 in 2019 Rp.620,013,527,000 and in 2020 Rp.1,946,297,115,000 then (3)<br>the company's liquidity ratio level in 2016 amounted to .14.41%, in 2017 it was 7.30%, in 2018 it was 1.17%, in 2019 it was<br>10.50% and in 2020 it was 1.17%.</p> MONTARIS SILAEN, LASMAN EDDY BACHTIAR, RIANTO . ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://simantek.sciencemakarioz.org/index.php/JIK/article/view/294 Wed, 15 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0000 ANALISIS PENGARUH KOMPETENSI SUMBER DAYA MANUSIA, TRANSPARANSI DAN PEMANFAATAN TEKNOLOGI INFORMASI TERHADAP PENYUSUNAN ANGGARAN PENDAPATAN DAN BELANJA DAERAH DI KOTA MEDAN https://simantek.sciencemakarioz.org/index.php/JIK/article/view/295 <p>This study aims to find out the factors that affect the constituents of APBD in the city of Medan. The data used is primary<br>data using questionnaires given to all accounting entities in the Medan City Government environment of 34 Regional Device<br>Organizations (OPD). The results of the analysis showed that the competence of human resources and the utilization of<br>information technology had a significant effect on the preparation of APBD, while transparency had no significant effect on<br>the preparation of APBD. The results of this study suggest that the Medan City Government pay attention to human resource<br>competence, transparency.</p> IRNA TRIANNUR LUBIS, YUNI SHARA ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://simantek.sciencemakarioz.org/index.php/JIK/article/view/295 Wed, 15 Sep 2021 09:27:27 +0000 PENGARUH MOTIVASI DAN KOMITMEN ORGANISASI TERHADAP KINERJA KARYAWAN DI PT. RIFAN FINANCINDO BERJANGKA MEDAN https://simantek.sciencemakarioz.org/index.php/JIK/article/view/296 <p>This study aims to determine how much influence motivation and organizational commitment partially and simultaneously on<br>employee performance at PT. Rifan Financindo Futures Medan, using this type of quantitative research. The result of this<br>study is that the partial motivation of the t-count value is -0.064 with the t-table value at a significant level = 5%, namely<br>1.167, with a significant value of 0.949&gt; 0.05, meaning that it has no significant effect. It also explains that motivation has no<br>significant effect on employee performance at PT. Rifan Financindo Berjangka Medan or if it is related to Guilford's theory,<br>the motivation variable is very weak in relation to employee performance. Partially, organizational commitment, the<br>calculated t value is 4.833 where the t table value at 5% is 1.167 which means it is positive, with a significant value of 0.000<br>&lt;0.005 which means it has a significant effect. This explains that organizational commitment has a positive and significant<br>effect on employee performance at PT. Rifan Financindo Berjangka Medan or if it is related to Guilford's theory, the<br>motivation variable has a moderate relationship with the performance of employees at PT. Rifan Financindo Futures Medan.<br>Based on the results of the study, the calculated F value was 13.146 with a significance value of 0.000. While the F table is<br>3.13 at a significant level of 95% (a = 0.05), with that F count 13.146 &gt; 3.13 which means that the independent variable has<br>an effect on the dependent variable. Thus, motivation and organizational commitment together have an influence on<br>employee performance.</p> ESTER SINAGA, TOGU HARLEN LBN. RAJA, LASMAN E. BACHTIAR ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://simantek.sciencemakarioz.org/index.php/JIK/article/view/296 Wed, 15 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0000 THE INFLUENCE OF SERVICE QUALITY AND PRICE ON CUSTOMER SATISFACTION AT PT. ANDALAS CARGOTATAMA GLOBAL https://simantek.sciencemakarioz.org/index.php/JIK/article/view/297 <p>This study aims to determine how much influence of service quality and price to customer satisfaction on PT. Global Andalas<br>Cargotama. The research methodology was used descriptive quantitative, unit analysis in this research was PT. Global<br>Andalas Cargotama and its observation units were customers PT. Global Andalas Cargotama. Population in this research<br>was customer at PT. Global Andalas Cargotama 1,260 people. The technique of determining the number of samples used in<br>this study was the slovin formula and amounted to 93 respondents. The research method used data collection techniques<br>through interviews, literature studies, and questionnaires conducted systematically based on research objectives. The<br>method of analysis used to solve the problem and prove the hypothesis was by descriptive analysis, regression analysis.<br>This analysis includes: validity and reliability, classical assumption test, multiple regression analysis, hypothesis testing<br>through t and F test, and test of coefficient of determination (R2). From the analysis obtained regression analysis Customer<br>Satisfaction = 1.931 + 0.467 Service Quality + 0.226 Price + e. The result of determination coefficient test (R2) showed that<br>58.1% variable of customer satisfaction is influenced by service quality and price variable, while the rest equal to 41.9%<br>explained by the influence of other factors or variables outside of models such as advertising, distribution channels, and<br>others are not addressed in this study. F test results showed that Fcount&gt; Ftable is 62.330 &gt; 3.10 which means free variables<br>(service quality and price) simultaneously affect the dependent variable (customer satisfaction). While the t test showed that<br>the service quality variable has a positive and significant effect on customer satisfaction at PT. Global Andalas Cargotama<br>where tcount 7,748 &gt; ttable 1,66177 and price variable have positive and significant influence to customer satisfaction at PT.<br>Global Andalas Cargotama where tcount 3.224 &gt; ttable 1.</p> BAMBANG SUTEJO, AFDHALINA . ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://simantek.sciencemakarioz.org/index.php/JIK/article/view/297 Tue, 21 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0000 ANALISIS ALIH KODE DAN CAMPUR KODE PADA NOVEL MARIPOSA KARYA LULUK HF https://simantek.sciencemakarioz.org/index.php/JIK/article/view/298 <p>This study is a qualitative descriptive study with a sample of conversations in luluk HF's novel Mariposa. The data source in<br>this study is luluk HF's novel Mariposa. This research data is in the form of quotes of speech figures in the novel Mariposa<br>By Luluk HF. The data collection technique in this study is to use library techniques, reading techniques and recording<br>techniques. The instrument used is the author himself assisted by using data registrar cards, stationery, books and other<br>media that support as a reference. Data validity techniques are source trianggulation and data trianggulation. The results of<br>this study analysis showed that in luluk HF's novel Mariposa found pragmatic forms that are as follows the symptoms of code<br>mix occurs in 2 directions, while code transfer symptoms occur in 1 one direction. The most dominant form of code mix is the<br>internal code mix form and the most dominant code transfer is the in-inside mixing of code. Factors causing code mixes<br>include limitations on the use of code, the use of more popular terms, the place of residence and time of conversation and<br>the factors that cause the occurrence of code transfer include speakers or speakers, speech opponents, changes in the<br>situation.</p> RAHMAT KARTOLO SILITONGA ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://simantek.sciencemakarioz.org/index.php/JIK/article/view/298 Wed, 01 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0000 ANALISIS PENGARUH MODAL DAN TEKNOLOGI TERHADAP PRODUKSI INDUSTRI IKAN DI SIBOLGA https://simantek.sciencemakarioz.org/index.php/JIK/article/view/299 <p>The marine and fisheries sector is one of the economic sectors that have a role in national economic development,<br>especially in the provision of protein food, foreign exchange acquisition and employment provision. Capital is the cost used to<br>produce or buy goods to be sold and the costs used to help run their business. In addition to capital, the length of the<br>business can also determine income because the length of the business is related to business experience and knowledge<br>about consumer behavior. Technology can also affect the production of fish in Sibolga. The results of the data analysis<br>showed that capital, and technology had a simultaneous and significant effect on fish production in sibolga. Partially capital<br>variables and technology partially affect fish production in Sibolga. In addition to capital, technology can also affect the<br>production of fish in Sibolga. By using fish management technology can be more guaranteed quality. The more fish<br>production that uses technology, the production marketed will be cheaper in price, the simpler the production technique then<br>the price of production of fish marketed will be much more expensive and quality.</p> YUL ASMARA PANE ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://simantek.sciencemakarioz.org/index.php/JIK/article/view/299 Wed, 01 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0000 PENGARUH NON PERFORMING LOAN, BIAYA OPERASIONAL PENDAPATAN OPERASIONAL DAN LOAN TO DEPOSIT RATIO TERHADAP RETURN ON ASSET PADA PERUSAHAAN PERBANKAN YANG TERDAFTAR DI BURSA EFEK INDONESIA PERIODE 2015 - 2019 https://simantek.sciencemakarioz.org/index.php/JIK/article/view/300 <p>The research methodology used is multiple linear regression analysis. The results of the study prove that the Non Performing<br>Loan and the Loan to Deposit Ratio have no and insignificant effect on the Return on Assets of Banking Companies Listed<br>on the Indonesia Stock Exchange for the 2015-2019 Period. Operating Costs Operating Income has a significant and<br>significant effect on Return on Assets in Banking Companies Listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange for the 2015-2019<br>Period. Non Performing Loans, Operating Costs, Operating Income and Loan to Deposit Ratio have an effect and are<br>significant on Return on Assets in Banking Companies Listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange for the 2015-2019 Period.<br>The adjusted coefficient of determination (R Square) obtained a value of 0.484, meaning that the independent variables,<br>namely Non Performing Loans, Operating Costs and Operating Income, and Loan to Deposit Ratio have an effect on the<br>Return on Assets variable by 48.4% and 51.6% are influenced by other variables not used in this study such as net profit<br>margin, company size, third party funds and capital.</p> DUMARIANI SILALAHI, BERTHA NERPY SIAHAAN ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://simantek.sciencemakarioz.org/index.php/JIK/article/view/300 Wed, 01 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0000 THE USE OF CODE SWITCHING IN ENGLISH TEACHING LEARNING PROCESS IN JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL https://simantek.sciencemakarioz.org/index.php/JIK/article/view/301 <p>This study concerns investigates the value of the use of code switching in English teaching learning process in junior high<br>school. Student and a teacher in SMP INTI NUSANTARA Tebing Tinggi involve as the subjects of this study. The purpose of<br>this research is to investigate the value of lesson study in used code switching by the teacher. This case study obtaine the<br>data by ways of observations among students and teacher in class. This research aim to analyze the types of code switching<br>used by the teacher and the students. The reserach methodology uses qualitative. Qualitative research involves collecting<br>data from observation. The function of this research is how far is the useful of code switching in teaching learning in class.<br>Generally this study has a treatment which came up from the teaching learning process in class.</p> ATMA JONAR ASIH, RIDWAN SYAHPUTRA, ULPAH MAISARI ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://simantek.sciencemakarioz.org/index.php/JIK/article/view/301 Tue, 31 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0000